How to Move to Canada from USA
If you're thinking of moving away from your home town in the USA, then the most likely place you'll be thinking of moving to is another English-speaking country, so Canada seems like the closest and most reasonable choice.
Though they are the United States' northern neighbors, many Americans don't know much about the different laws, legislation or policies that Canada currently has. So, if you're thinking about emigrating to the beautiful country of Canada, OneHowTo would like to give you a step by step guide on how to move to Canda from USA so you don't miss a thing.
There are several ways to move to Canada from the USA, so the first step is to make sure you're eligible for any of the categories the Canadian Immigration and Citizenship offer immigrants. Though requirements are different, they will always require either English or French, so you may have to pass a CLB test to make sure you meet their standards. The categories you can be eligible for are:
The fastest way to move to Canada from the USA is to be a qualified worker. The site will asses your credentials and add you to a poll. Those who scored highest will be sent an invitation to apply. They have three different programs, so take a look at the CIC website to see if you meet all of the requirements for each program:
- Federal skilled worker program
- Federal skilled trades program
- Canadian experience program
Quebec selected skilled workers
As the region of Quebec has its own criteria when selecting their workers, you should know that they have a separate application, so applying for any other program will not allow you to work in the region of Quebec.
If you are thinking of starting up a new business, then the start-up visa is perfect for you. You will only need to prove your business is supported by a Canadian organisation of your choice and attach the letter of recommendation in your form, as well as proving you have enough seed money.
There's also a program for those of you who are self-employed, you just need to prove you have been so in the past. You will earn points for this program according to your experience, education, age and adaptability.
The caregiver program offers people who have been carers in the past, the opportunity of doing the same in Canada, whether it's Children care, care for people with high medical needs or live-in caring.
If you have a cousin, grandparent or even an uncle in Canada, then you may be eligible to apply for this program. Take a look at the specific eligibility to see if your relative is close enough to you so you can apply.
Apply for your visa
Once you have selected your chosen program, you will be added to a poll. The CIC will select the highest scoring applicants and send them an invitation to apply for citizenship.
Once you receive the invitation, you can print and fill in the application form and submit it with the fees and documents for each type of citizenship or visa. The Immigration office will then confirm.
The obvious next step is to find a job. After perfecting your CV, start your job search. You should know that you can go to the Immigrant Serving Organization, they will help you in your job search. Going to an Employment Agency is also a good idea, as they will be able to asses your search in your area of expertise.
If you are a skilled worker or are planning to study in Canada, you will probably need an Educational Credential Assesment, this means that the Canadian authorities will asses your previous credentials and qualifications to make sure it meets their standards.
Being a US citizen is an advantage as you don't have to learn a new language, though it could be a good idea to learn French, this will give you more of a chance to find a job and will also give you extra points when applying for a citizenship or visa.
Though you can combine it with your job search, it's also important to choose the city or town you'd like to live in. You can use your own criteria, such as the average temperature, location or job opportunities in each city. However, you should know that Vancouver has been ranked as one of the best cities to live in the World.
It's also interesting to visit the cities beforehand, remember Americans can be in Canada for as long as 180 days just with a passport or NEXUS card, so take advantage to visit the city and make sure you also spend some time handing in your CV so you have a better chance of finding a job, this will also help when applying for citizenship.
Though Canada and the USA may seem pretty similar due to their proximity, there are certain aspects of life that are quite different, especially when it comes to financial and legal aspects, so it's important to learn more about Canada.
There are certain laws that may be beneficial or detrimental to your decision of moving in, so make sure you know the basics. For example, at OneHowTo you can learn how income splitting works in Canada.
Cost of living
Before you leave the US, it's important to be prepared financially speaking, so make sure you are aware of the taxes you'll be paying when you live there so you can prepare yourself financially speaking.
As you are going to move to another country, it's important to know what objects have duties and which don't when passing the border. Objects with duties include:
- Rented or leased items
- Vehicles used for business
- Farm equipment
- Any material used for construction or manufacturing.
When the day comes when you move to Canada from the USA, it's important to have everything you'll need in order to cross the border. Rent a moving truck to fit all of your belongings and remember to take the following documents:
- Visa confirmations
- A full list of the items you are travelling with
- A second list with all of the items you may be shipping, as well as their value
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